NHPFC Starts to Clean Up and Integrate Food Related Standards in China

The Food Safety Law of China stipulates that imported food shall be compliant with the quality and hygienic test requirements in the applicable Chinese National Food Safety Standards (GB) in China. Therefore, for imported food, the GB standards are very important mandatory requirements.

In accordance with the Major Work Arrangement for Food Safety in 2017, in order to improve the food safety standard system in China, further strengthen the links among the standard formulation, implementation, and supervision, NHFPC sorted out the current GB standards in China and listed relevant standards that needed to be cleaned up.

1. List of GB Standards in China

Up to April 2017, there are 1224 items of GB standards in total formulated and published by NHFPC, in conjunction with CFDA and Ministry of Agriculture (MOA). Among them, there are 11 items of general (basic) standards, 64 items of food product standards, 9 items of foods for special dietary standards, 586 items of food additive related standards, 29 items of nutrition enhancer quality standards, 15 items of food related product standards, 25 items of codes of practice, 227 items of physical and chemical test standards, 30 items of microorganism test standards, 26 items of toxicology test standards, 29 items of veterinary drug residues test standards, 106 items of pesticide residue test standards, and 67 items of replaced and abolished (to be abolished) standards. 

Here is the list of general GB standards in China:

Standard Number

Standard Name

Implemented Date

GB 2760-2014

Food Safety National Standards for the Usage of Food Additives

2015.05.24

GB 2761-2017

Food Safety National Standard for Maximum Levels of Mycotoxins in Food

2017.09.17

GB 2762-2017

Food Safety National Standard for Maximum Levels of Contaminant in Food

2017.09.17

GB 2763-2016

Food Safety National Standards for Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticide in Food

2017.06.18

GB 29921-2013

Food Safety National Standards for Maximum Levels of Pathogens in Foods

2014.07.01

GB 9685-2016

The Usage of Food Additives in Food Contact Materials and Articles

2017.10.19

GB 14880-2012

Food Safety National Standards for the Usage of Nutrition Enhancers

2013.01.01

GB 7718-2011

Food Safety National Standards for General Rules for the Labeling of Prepackaged Food

2012.04.20

GB 28050-2011

General Rules for Nutrition Labeling of Prepackaged Foods

2013.01.01

GB 13432-2013

General Rules for the Labeling of Prepackaged Food for Special Dietary Uses

2015.07.01

GB 29924-2013

Food Safety National Standards for General Rules for the Labeling of Food Additives

2015.06.01

PS. Please kindly click here for the CN version download of these GB standards, and some other important standards.

2. Standards will be cleaned up and integrated

Except GB standards, there are other standards in China as well, including industry standards, agricultural products quality safety standards, food hygienic standards, food quality standards, etc.

NHFPC has started to clean up and integrate these food relevant standards. 1082 items of pesticide and veterinary drug standards will be further cleaned by MOA. Except them, other 3310 items of standards will be cleaned up as follows.

  • A great many of standards will or have be further revised, transferred, or integrated into 412 items of effective GB standards;
  • 57 items of standards are suggested to be officially abolished in due course;
  • 1913 items of standards will not be included into the GB system in China.

Actually, some of listed mandatory national standards (the standard codes were “GB” as well) have been transferred into recommended national standard (the standard codes have become “GB/T”) in March 2017. It means that they are not GB standards any more, and the requirements in these standards are not mandatory to compliant with, but recommended. Here are examples of some product standards.

Original standard code and name

Transferred standard code

GB 15037-2006 Wines

GB/T 15037-2006

GB 4927-2008 Beer

GB/T 4927-2008

GB 1534-2003 Peanut oil

GB/T 1534-2003

GB 1535-2003 Soya bean oil

GB/T 1535-2003

GB 1536-2004 Rapeseed oil

GB/T 1536-2004

GB 1537-2003 Cottonseed oil

GB/T 1537-2003

GB 10464-2003 Sunflowerseed oil

GB/T 10464-2003

GB 15680-2009 Palm oil

GB/T 15680-2009

GB 19111-2003 Maize oil

GB/T 19111-2003

GB 19112-2003 Rice bran oil

GB/T 19112-2003

GB 11765-2003 Oil-tea camellia seed oil

GB/T 11765-2003 

Without these standards, it does not mean that there is no GB standard for relevant product. For example, although GB 15037-2006 has turned to GB/T 15037-2006, but there is GB 2758-2012 Food Safety National Standards for Fermented Liquor and Its Integrated Liquor. The wines are still mandatory to meet the requirements in GB 2758-2012 when importing. Meanwhile, the GB system in China will become more and more perfect, imported enterprises are suggested to pay some attention to the changes of relevant GB standards.

If you have any other needs or questions, please contact us at service@cirs-reach.com.

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