China Released the “Inventory of Specially Controlled Hazardous Chemicals (first edition)”

Specially controlled hazardous chemicals are highly inherently hazardous with large circulation, which may pose a high safety risk of accidents and cause serious consequences, which need special control. According to the “Inventory of Specially Controlled Hazardous Chemicals”, hazardous chemicals can be classified as “explosive chemicals”, “toxic chemicals (including toxic gases, volatile toxic liquids, and solid highly toxic chemicals)”, “flammable gases”, and “flammable liquids”. The first edition of this inventory contains 20 specially controlled hazardous chemicals. This inventory is not applicable to reagent products essential for scientific experiments. According to the "Regulation on the Administration of Urban Gas", this inventory and special control measures are not applicable to urban gas.

Specially controlled hazardous chemicals transported by water, air, railway and pipeline shall be managed in accordance with relevant laws, administrative regulations and the provisions of the competent departments concerned, and where otherwise provided by laws, administrative regulations and rules, in accordance with their provisions.

Control measures for methanol and ethanol are limited to strengthening transportation management. The sale and purchase of ammonium nitrate shall be managed in accordance with the relevant regulations of civil explosives.

Specific control measures will be conducted from the following aspects:

  1. Establish an information platform to implement traceability control of life-cycle information, mainly through the introduction of QR code or electronic label;
  2. Standardize the packaging management, mainly promoting the packaging performance inspection and packaging use identification of hazardous chemicals;
  3. Strict the access to safety production and the approval of construction projects for special controlled hazardous chemicals;
  4. Strengthen transportation management by establishing strict waybill management and vehicle dynamic monitoring, with special prior control over the whereabouts of hazardous chemicals.
  5. Implement stationary storage management. Specially controlled hazardous chemicals shall be stored in a specific area in the special warehouse for hazardous chemicals.

Inventory of Specially Controlled Hazardous Chemicals (first edition)

No.

Chinese name

Alias

English name

CAS No.

UN code

Main hazards

1. Explosive chemicals

1

硝酸铵[(钝化)改性硝酸铵除外]

硝铵

Ammonium nitrate [other than (passivated) modified ammonium nitrate]

6484-52-2

0222

1942

2426

Will explode when heated sharply; may form explosive mixtures by mixing with reducing agents, organics, etc.

2

硝化纤维素(包括属于易燃固体的硝化纤维素)

硝化棉

Nitrocellulose

9004-70-0

0340

0341

0342

0343

2555

2556

2557

Can conduct spontaneous combustion when dry; may burn and explode when exposed to high heat and sparks

3

氯酸钾

白药粉

Potassium chlorate

3811-04-9

1485

Strong oxidizer, may form explosive mixtures by mixing with reducing agents, organics, flammable substances, metal powders, etc.

4

氯酸钠

氯酸鲁达、氯酸碱、白药钠

Sodium chlorate

7775-09-9

1495

Strong oxidizer, may form explosive mixtures by mixing with reducing agents, organics, flammable substances, metal powders, etc.

2. Toxic chemicals (including toxic gases, volatile toxic liquids, and solid highly toxic chemicals)

5

液氯、氯气

Chlorine

7782-50-5

1017

Highly toxic gas, lethal if inhaled

6

液氨、氨气

Ammonia

7664-41-7

1005

Toxic gas, will cause toxic emphysema if inhaled; can form explosive mixtures with air

7

异氰酸甲酯

甲基异氰酸酯

Methyl isocyanate

624-83-9

2480

Highly toxic liquid, lethal if inhaled its vapour; highly flammable liquid; its vapour can form explosive mixtures with air

8

硫酸二甲酯

硫酸甲酯

Dimethyl sulfate

77-78-1

1595

Toxic liquid, lethal if inhaled its vapour; combustible

9

氰化钠

山奈、山奈钠

Sodium cyanide

143-33-9

1689

3414

Highly toxic, will produce highly toxic and flammable hydrogen cyanide gas in contact with acid

10

氰化钾

山奈钾

Potassium cyanide

151-50-8

1680

3413

Highly toxic, will produce highly toxic and flammable hydrogen cyanide gas in contact with acid

3. Flammable gases

11

液化石油气

LPG

Liquefied petroleum gas

68476-85-7

1075

Flammable gas, can form explosive mixture with air

12

液化天然气

LNG

Liquefied natural gas

8006-14-2

1972

Flammable gas, can form explosive mixture with air

13

环氧乙烷

氧化乙烯

Ethylene oxide

75-21-8

1040

Flammable gas, can form explosive mixture with air; will decompose violently when heated, presenting a fire and explosion hazard

14

氯乙烯

乙烯基氯

Vinyl chloride

75-01-4

1086

Flammable gas, can form explosive mixture with air; easy to occur dangerous polyreaction at fire temperature

15

二甲醚

甲醚

Dimethyl ether

115-10-6

1033

Flammable gas, can form explosive mixture with air

4. Flammable liquids

16

汽油(包括甲醇汽油、乙醇汽油)

 

Petroleum ether (including methanol gasoline and ethanol gasoline)

86290-81-5

1203

3475

Extremely flammable liquid, its vapour can form explosive mixtures with air

17

1,2-环氧丙烷

氧化丙烯Propylene oxide

75-56-9

75-56-9

1280

Extremely flammable liquid, its vapour can form explosive mixtures with air

18

二硫化碳

 

Carbon disulfide

75-15-0

1131

Extremely flammable liquid, its vapour can form explosive mixtures with air; toxic liquid

19

甲醇

木醇、木精

Methanol

67-56-1

1230

Highly flammable liquid, its vapour can form explosive mixtures with air; toxic liquid

20

乙醇

酒精

Ethanol

64-17-5

1170

Highly flammable liquid, its vapour can form explosive mixtures with air

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